Ingapirca, Ecuador -
area is a blooming parish of southern Ecuador
located in Cañar province. It sports 240 square kilometers and a population of
approximately 14,000 inhabitants, out of whom 2,000 are living in the parish
center (3,180 meters or 10,000 feet above sea level), and the other populace is
spread all around the countryside. The town's name of Ingapirca was taken after
the archeological complex which stands forth as an important evidence of Cañari
and Inca presence. This area, like
other areas of Ecuador (provinces of Cañar, Azuay, and Loja), are characterized
by a variety of soils, dioritic and porfidic igneous rocks, and volcanic groups
which did not form tobas or layers of cangagua, such as what appears in northern
Ingapirca was part of a large "hacienda"
or piece of land owned by one Spanish/Ecuadorian family. In fact, people were
living atop the Temple platform in a primitive makeshift house. The ruins were
not cared for and decimated when building blocks of stone were needed to
construct other buildings for the hacienda. Ingapirca rose like parish from its
province of Cañar May, 1919 after having been managed by its inhabitants under
the initiative and direction from Presbítero Don Luis Sarmiento. Until then
Ingapirca had been just one of many farming communities of the rural parish El
The convincing argument that was used for liberating Ingapirca was the
administrative necessity to solve the multiple conflicts and confrontations
which often were provoked between landowners and comuneros which coexisted in
that extensive agricultural and cattle area. Today Ingapirca continues being one
of the more flourishing areas and it surpasses most areas in productivity.
Cañar province occupies a high basin surrounded by mountains which are the base
for neighboring Azuay province's peaks and are the highest chain of mountains of
the area, which also serves as the natural division of two different regions.
The north region is the result of recent volcano formation, while the south
region has older soils as a result of much earlier volcanic activity.
Geographically, Cañar boundaries are Azuay's highest peaks to the north,
Curiquingue and Bueran tundras to the south and east, and the steep sides of the
western mountains (Cordillera Occidental) to the west. Drainage of this basin is
done by the Cañar River with its main tributaries , the Silante and the
Huayrapungo Rivers. There is also the Pircay River which later enters near the
coast and takes the name of Bulubulu and then finally called the Taura River
once it reaches the Pacific Ocean.
These hydrographic characteristics and the presence of different climatic steps
or terraces which go from 4,650 meters to 5,000 meters above sea level allowed
the inhabitants of this region to enjoy of natural diversity of weather
conditions and ecology. Obviously the area's different hydrographic
characteristics have been extraordinary in trading products from Andean,
Inter-Andean, sub-tropical, and tropical regions as happens to this day.
Ecuador has several ruins left by the Incas or other Amerindians. The
principal Inca site is
Ingapirca. Others include Rumicucho, near
Quito; La Tolita, near Esmeraldas; and Tomebamba in Cuenca (most
of the ruins in this old provincial capital have been built over, but
some can be seen at Avenida Todos Santos). The ancient Valdivia culture
(dating from 3200 BC) left remains at Real Alto, San Isidro
(excavated mounds) and Santa Elena—all of which are located in
the coastal area northwest of Guayaquil. Santa Elena is notable for
having the world's oldest known cemetery (dating from 5000 BC). Inside
Machalilla National Park is the Agua Blanca site. (Artifacts from
most of these places are best seen in museums in Guayaquil and Quito.
Tours provided by Erich Lehenbauer,
an Austrian-born Canadian,
residing in Quito has various
tourist related businesses. Erich
has a Bed & Breakfast in Quito. Inclusive of his small travel agency, he
personally can be your tour guide.
present you all of my
personal travel related
experience and knowledge, which you hopefully find
useful in your trip planning. Once you decide to visit
our country, please take our
various travel services into
consideration to get to know the many natural and cultural
attractions, Ecuador has to offer you.
593 2 223 0194 (Quito)